All posts by sarfraz nabi


Dr. Saad Badar Zakai is an MRCS and FCPS in General Surgery and FCPS in Cardiac Surgery. He is an exceptional cardiac surgeon. Dr. Saad joined National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases in the year 2016 as an Assistant Professor in Paediatric Cardiac Surgery Department. He is involved in several research papers and academic teachings. He is also an active member of Pakistan Society of Paediatric Cardiology.

Dr. Abdul Samad Achakzai

Dr. Abdul Samad Achakzai is a Fellow of College of Physicians and Surgeons (FCPS) in Cardiology with specialization in Adult Cardiology. He joined NICVD in 2003 with the passion to serve the underprivileged population of Pakistan and has been sincerely working to achieve this goal. He is currently acting as Associate Professor Adult Cardiology. He is examiner for FCPS Cardiology at College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. He has published 12 research papers in renowned journals.

Non-Interventional (Surgical) Procedures

The Department of Cardiac Surgery at NICVD provides state-of-the-art expertise in adult cardiac and thoracic surgery. We are focused on delivering exceptional patient care and education.

Our skilled surgeons and FCPS-II Fellows work together to provide the following surgical procedures:-

  • Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
  • Valvular Surgery
  • Vascular Surgery
  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
  • Total Correction in Adults (TC)

Interventional Procedures/Cardiac Catheterization

Many of the most advanced treatments for heart disease no longer require a large incision. These state-of-the-art procedures are performed with thin catheters that are inserted through blood vessels to open up clogged arteries, repair defects and prolong life.

The Department of Cardiac Catheterization at NICVD is doing a phenomenal job at adopting such minimally invasive procedures to treat patients.

With our recent ‘Primary For All’ program, our doctors have completed 1000 Primary Angioplasties for heart attacks in a matter of 120 days-quite possibly a world record.

The following interventional procedures are performed at NICVD:-

Interventional Procedures/Cardiac Catheterization

  • Angioplasty [Percutaneoous Coronary Intervention(PCI)]
  • Primary Percutaneoous Coronary Intervention(P.PCI)
  • Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Comminssurotomy (PTMC)
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)

Peripheral Interventions/Electrophysiology

  • Permanent Pacemaker Implantation (PPM)
  • Temporary Pacemaker Implantation (TPM)
  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT)
  • Radio Frequency Ablation Arrhythmia

Paediatric Procedures

With ever-increasing volumes of children with heart diseases visiting NICVD, the Paediatric Cardiology Department is equipped to provide the following procedures and surgeries to our junior patient population.

Paediatric Procedures

  • ASD Closure / VSD Closure by device
  • Balloon Valvularplasty for Congenital Heart Diseases
  • Paediatric Catheterization

Paediatric Cardiac Surgery

  • ASD Closure / VSD Closure by surgery
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
  • Shunt Procedures
  • Total Correction in children

Dr. Roohi Ilyas

DR. ROOHI ILYAS (CONSULTANT, SKILLS LAB) has been a part of the NICVD team for more than 25 years and currently serves at the Prof. Kashmirs’ Memorial Professional Skills Development Centre NICVD. Apart from her MBBS she also earned a Diploma in Cardiology as well as MSc. in Com. Nutrition.

Some of her associations involve being the Co. Director Medical Education at NIVCD and Instructor at American Heart Association for CPR and ECC. She is also the co. author of widely acclaimed paper “Retention of knowledge and Skills of Basic Life Support among Health Care Providers trained in Tertiary Care Hospital” published in Pakistan Heart Journal.  She was awarded the Excellence in Performance Award in 2015 for her impressive achievements.

Cardiac Catheterization (Angiography)

Cardiac (heart) catheterization is also known as cardiac “cath” or coronary angiography. During this test the doctor puts a thin plastic tube into a blood vessel in your leg or arm and moves it up to your heart. Then the doctor injects a fluid through the tube to the heart. The fluid shows up on X-ray and can show whether any of the arteries in your heart are clogged.

In this test, a short tube (sheath) is inserted into a vein or artery in your leg (groin) or arm. A hollow, flexible and longer tube (guide catheter) is then inserted into the sheath. Aided by X-ray images on a monitor a doctor threads the guide catheter through that artery until it reaches your heart. The pressures in your heart chambers can be measured, and dye can be injected. The dye can be seen on an X-ray, which helps a doctor see the blood flow through your heart, blood vessels and valves to check for abnormalities.

Exercise Tolerance Test

An Exercise Tolerance Test or Stress Test is used to provide information about how the heart responds to stress. It usually involves walking on a treadmill at increasing levels of difficulty, while the electrocardiogram, heart rate and blood pressure are monitored. By placing the stress of exercise on the heart, the test can help to determine if there is adequate blood flow to the heart during increasing activity and help to determine the best cardiac treatment plan for you.

Nuclear Cardiology/Thallium Scan

A thallium scan is a nuclear imaging test that shows how well blood flows into the heart while you’re exercising or at rest. This test is also called a cardiac or nuclear stress test.

During the procedure, a radioisotope (nuclear liquid) is administered through an IV. The radioisotope will flow through your blood stream and end up in your heart. Once the radiation is in your heart, a special camera called a gamma camera can detect the radiation and reveal any issues your heart muscle is having.